is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera. It can either be used to inspect and diagnose a condition or to perform surgery. Laparoscopy is used for problems such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids and infections. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube (laparoscope).
In many cases laparoscopy can be performed instead of laparotomy surgery that uses a larger incision in the belly. Laparoscopy can be less stressful and may incur less problems and lower costs than laparotomy for minor surgeries. It can often be done without needing to stay overnight in the hospital.